What is Sciatica Pain?
Sciatica is the Latin word for “pain down the back of leg”. Often this is caused by trapping the sciatic nerve in the lower back. The sciatic nerve runs from the lower back down the buttocks and along the back of each leg. Sciatica is the pain along this nerve which is relatively common form of back pain and this is often caused by the pressure on the sciatic nerve from a bulging or a herniated disc. The pain from sciatica is anything from an irritating, infrequent to severe and debilitating. Often it affects only one side as the pain radiating through the buttock and down the leg of constant pain on one side of the buttock and leg and the pain may worsen while sitting, tingling down the leg or burning sensation, numbness, weakness or difficulty in moving the leg or foot or a shooting pain could make it difficult to stand up.
Though sciatica can be extremely painful and uncomfortable, it is very rare that it a permanent nerve damage results. Most of the times, the pain is due to inflammation and this will improve within a time period. Usually, sciatica is made worse due to lifting, bending, coughing and sneezing. Get physiotherapy treatment from the physiotherapist to improve your condition.
Causes of Sciatica
Usually the sciatic pain is caused by compression of the nerve root at the point where it leaves the spine. The damage to the nerve causes pain. The most common cause of sciatica in the young and the early middle aged adults is a prolapsed intervertebral disc in the lumbosacral area of the lower back. While in older people, the changes in the spine due to the conditions such as the osteoarthritis may be responsible due to localized pressure on the nerve or spinal stenosis which is the narrowing of the spinal canal. Other local injury or bone disease may also be responsible for the cause of sciatica.
Pressure on the sciatic nerve can result from various reasons including:
- Poor posture- wearing high heels, poor mattress, prolonged sitting
- Sitting awkwardly
- Spinal misalignments, vertebral dysfunction
- Poor lifting techniques and poor bending habits
- Piriformis syndrome
- Herniated disc
- Spinal compression due to osteoporosis
Diagnosis of sciatica
Your physiotherapist will first determine the exact cause of sciatica pain. The physiotherapy treatment includes:
- A thorough medical history
- Spinal, orthopaedic and neurological examination
- Special diagnostic imaging investigations such as CT, X-ray and MRI
- Posture pro scan for accurately diagnosing sciatica
Treatment of Sciatica
The main objectives of physiotherapy treatment are to reduce pain, restore movement, reduce tension and strengthen the weakened muscles. This is achieved by using a combination of the following techniques:
- Massage therapy and trigger point therapy
- Spinal mobilizations
- Ultrasound and other electrical stimulation devices
- Stretching the tight muscles, tendons, joints and ligaments
- Advice on how to minimize the pressure and irritation of the sciatic nerve
Additionally, you will be asked to apply the ice and heat and given a series of home stretching exercises to help with your recovery.
What could be the Approximate Cost of the Treatment?
The cost of the physiotherapy for sciatica pain depends on your problem, the treatment method and number and types of procedures prescribed.
If you are suffering with sciatica pain at the moment, do not delay and get it assessed by a physiotherapist. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org or call 0124 – 4227006 or 09810922362 to book an online appointment today.